Archeological excavation

The first archaeological excavations were made in the early 90s as a consequence of the project for the restoration of the Tower and the surrounding area which was put for bid by the Ministry of Public Works and was awarded to the team led by Pablo Latorre. The objective of this project was the restoration of the lighthouse with the occasion of the celebration of the bicentenary of the reconstruction made by Eustaquio Giannini and its re-opening to the public. In spite of the fact that until that time the foundations of the Tower had not been excavated, this had been often demanded by both Luis Monteagudo, director of the Archaeological and Historical Museum of A Coruña and Theodor Hauschild, an architect and director of Lisbon’s German Archaeological Institute as this was the only way of documenting the structure of the lighthouse from Roman times.

Finally, in 1991 a number of coincidences made it possible that excavations under the stone platform of the Tower were conducted. Works began in June 1992, under the supervision of archaeologist Luis Caballero Zoreda, a member of the restoration project of the Tower and José M. Bello Diéguez, endorsed by the Archaeological Museum of Castillo de San Antón.

As soon as the excavation began, the stratigraphic complexity of the subsoil became apparent. This called for an extension of the excavation area which led from the initial trial excavation to an area excavation. Deliberately, a 90º section was preserved from intervention with the idea of doing so when more sophisticated technical means than those available then may be used. The archaeological excavation could not be completed because all the money had been used up by the time the Roman level was reached at the main facade of the monument.

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